Sustainable Watershed Management Through IoT-Driven Artificial Intelligence

Water resource contamination substantially threatens the environment. Rapid identification of chemicals and their emission sources in watersheds is crucial for sustainable water resources management. Despite studies on the measurement of micropollutants in the water resources around Europe, efficient utilization of the data in decision-making to protect water resources from detrimental chemical pollution is currently not available. Novel Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, coupled with advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) strategies, may provide faster and more efficient responses to these challenges in real-time reactions as well as long-term planning.

The proposed solution aims at providing: better understanding and near real-time response to pollution incidents; better prediction of pollution spread and improved response for mitigation of effects in the long run; data-driven AI life-long learning and evolution of the algorithm. The primary outcome would be an integrated decision support system utilizing micropollutant measurements along with real-time collected hydrodynamic and meteorological data of a watershed for sustainable water quality management. Since micropollutants are related to emission sources and are resistant to degradation, they are good indicators of pollution and fingerprints of the pollution sources.

Our approach is based on introducing and combining novel technologies in improving water pollution management in several critical phases. First of all, we rely on an advanced, scalable IoT technology that adapts to the considered problem's specific needs through a novel mechanism called viscoelasticity. Therefore, we obtain desirable data from the locations and at the time that is optimized for further data analysis. Then, we introduce a novel methodology for creating a more accurate hybrid model integrating the expert-based physical environment model and data-driven, evidence-based techniques. To that end, we introduce a novel graph-based functional representation of data that captures affinities and dependencies among data streams more efficiently.

Concept of the project



Call Topic: Novel Computational Approaches for Environmental Sustainability (CES), Call 2019

Start Date: March 2021 (36 months)

Funding Support: 1,157,341 €

This project is supported by the CHIST-ERA grant CHIST-ERA-19-CES-005, by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), by the Academy of Finland (AKA), and by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK).


  1. Ahmad, S., Uyanik, H., Ovatman, T., Sandikkaya, M. T., De Maio, V., Brandic, I., & Aral, A. (2023). Sustainable Environmental Monitoring via Energy and Information Efficient Multi-Node Placement. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2023.3303124

  2. Sari, T. T., Ahmad, S., Aral, A., & Secinti, G. (2023). Collaborative Smart Environmental Monitoring Using Flying Edge Intelligence. IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM (Accepted).

  3. Ahmad, S., & Aral, A. (2023). Hierarchical Federated Transfer Learning: A Multi-Cluster Approach on the Computing Continuum. IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA (Accepted).

  4. Ahkola, H., Juntunen, J. (2023). Tryptofaanin automaattimittaus jätevesipäästöjen tunnistamisessa. Vesitalous 6/2023.

  5. Aral, A. (2023). Neuromorphic Edge Intelligence for Rural Environmental Monitoring. ACM KDD 2023 Workshop Fragile Earth (Accepted).

  6. Luger, D., Aral, A., & Brandic, I. (2023). Cost-Aware Neural Network Splitting and Dynamic Rescheduling for Edge Intelligence. ACM International Workshop on Edge Systems, Analytics and Networking, EdgeSys (pp. 42-47). DOI: 10.1145/3578354.3592871

  7. Aral, A., Esposito, A., Nagiyev, A., Benkner, S., Di Martino, B., & Bochicchio, M. A. (2023). Experiences in Architectural Design and Deployment of eHealth and Environmental Applications for Cloud-Edge Continuum. International Workshop on Cloud-Edge Continuum Projects and Initiatives, CCPI (pp. 136-145). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-28694-0_13

  8. Can, B., Uyanik, H., & Ovatman, T. (2023). Gateway Placement in LoRaWAN Enabled Sensor Networks. International Conference on Sensor Networks, SENSORNETS (pp. 93-100). DOI: 10.5220/0011777000003399

  9. Cranganore, S. S., De Maio, V., Brandic, I., Do, T. M. A., & Deelman, E. (2022). Molecular Dynamics Workflow Decomposition for Hybrid Classic/Quantum Systems. IEEE International Conference on e-Science (pp. 346-356). DOI: 10.1109/eScience55777.2022.00048

  10. Ahmad, S. & Aral, A. (2022). FedCD: Personalized Federated Learning via Collaborative Distillation. Workshop on Distributed Machine Learning for the Intelligent Computing Continuum, DML-ICC (pp. 189-194). DOI: 10.1109/UCC56403.2022.00036

  11. De Maio, V., Bermbach, D., & Brandic, I. (2022). TAROT: Spatio-Temporal Function Placement for Serverless Smart City Applications. IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing, UCC (pp. 21-30). DOI: 10.1109/UCC56403.2022.00013

  12. Peltonen, E., Ahmad, I., Aral, A., Capobianco, M., Ding, A. Y., Gil-Castiñeira, F., Gilman, E., Harjula, E., Jurmu, M., Karvonen, T., Kelanti, M., Leppänen, T., Lovén, L., Mikkonen, T., Mohan, N.,Nurmi, P., Pirttikangas, S., Sroka, P., Tarkoma, S., & Yang, T. (2022). The Many Faces of Edge Intelligence. IEEE Access. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3210584

  13. De Maio, V., Aral, A., & Brandic, I. (2022). A Roadmap To Post-Moore Era for Distributed Systems. Workshop on Advanced tools, programming languages, and PLatforms for Implementing and Evaluating algorithms for Distributed systems, ApPLIED (pp. 30-34). DOI: 10.1145/3524053.3542747

  14. Ding, A. Y., Peltonen, E., Meuser, T., Aral, A., Becker, C., Dustdar, S., Hiessl, T., Kranzl-müller, D., Liyanage, M., Magshudi, S., Mohan, N., Ott, J., Rellermeyer, J. S., Schulte, S., Schulzrinne, H., Solmaz, G., Tarkoma, S., Varghese, B., Wolf, L. (2022). Roadmap for Edge AI: A Dagstuhl Perspective. ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, 52(1), 28-33. DOI: 10.1145/3523230.3523235

  15. Toczé, K., Schmitt, N., Kargén, U., Aral, A., & Brandić, I. (2022). Edge Workload Trace Gathering and Analysis for Benchmarking. IEEE International Conference on Fog and Edge Computing, ICFEC (pp. 34-41). DOI: 10.1109/ICFEC54809.2022.00012

  16. Zhou, H., Aral, A., Brandic, I., & Erol-Kantarci, M. (2021). Multi-agent Bayesian Deep Reinforcement Learning for Microgrid Energy Management under Communication Failures. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2021.3131719


  1. D1.1 Project Management Plan [PUBLIC]

  2. D1.2 Annual Activity Report 1 [PUBLIC]

  3. D1.3 Annual Activity Report 2 [DUE 2023]

  4. D1.4 Annual Activity Report 3 [DUE 2024]

  5. D1.5 Quality Assurance and Risk Assessment Plan [PUBLIC]

  6. D1.6 Data Management Plan [PUBLIC]

  7. D1.7 Project Website and Promotional Materials [PUBLIC]

  8. D2.1 Hydrogeographical and chemical parameters for water quality model (WQM) [PRIVATE]

  9. D2.2 Consolidated Geo-Database [PUBLIC]

  10. D4.1 Placement model [PRIVATE]

  11. D4.2 Offline placement algorithm [PRIVATE]

  12. D4.3 Models for communication technologies [PRIVATE]

  13. D4.4 Adaptive communication channel selection method [PRIVATE]


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